The da Vinci system is a sophisticated robotic platform designed to expand a surgeon's capabilities. It overcomes the limitations of both traditional open surgery and conventional minimally invasive surgery.
The system allows the surgeon to make precise, delicate motions while controlling the machine. The robot is not making decisions or performing incisions. The surgeon is telling the robot what to do, and the robot allows for greater precision than the human hand on its own.
The system includes the following equipment, designed to make the surgery as precise as possible:
- Patient cart with four interactive robotic arms. The robotic arms include the surgical instruments and high-definition camera. Your surgeon will place the instruments and camera inside the surgery site in order to operate.
- Surgeon's console. This is where your surgeon sits to direct the surgery. It is in the same room that you are in, a few feet away from the operating table. Inside the console is a screen, which provides enhanced, real-time 3-D images of the operating site. Your surgeon can see the operating field even better than if he or she were standing over you.
- Endowrist instruments. These instruments control the surgery. The instruments inside your body respond precisely to the movements your surgeon makes at the console.
First, the surgeon makes tiny incisions in the body and then inserts miniaturized instruments and a high-definition three-dimensional camera. Then, from a nearby console, the surgeon manipulates those instruments to perform the operation. Like a video game which translates the player's movements into real-time movement on the screen, the da Vinci system responds to the physician's input.
A variety of complex surgeries can be performed robotically, including:
- Otolaryngology (Ear, Nose, and Throat)
It can also be used for general surgery procedures, including:
- Gastric bypass
- Stomach cancer
- Pancreatic disease
- Gallbladder disease